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Технологическая инструкция
по производству изделия
Dune cake (puff) [Yakhroma]
Вырабатывается по
  1. Вводная часть

    Настоящая технологическая инструкция распространяется на производство изделия Dune cake (puff) [Yakhroma].

  2. Характеристика готовой продукции

    Качество изделия Dune cake (puff) [Yakhroma] должно соответствовать требованиям .

  3. Входной контроль сырья

    Получение и контроль входящего сырья на производство, необходимо проверить:

    • наличие медицинской книжки у водителя,
    • температурный режим и состояния кузова,
    • сопроводительные документы (накладная, декларация, качественное удостоверение).
  4. Сырье, применяемое при изготовлении изделия
    1. Перечень сырья

      Допускается взаимозаменяемость сырья в соответствии с утвержденными указаниями к рецептурам по взаимозаменяемости сырья.

    2. Характеристика сырья

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      Flour, premium
      Wheat flour. The color of the higher grades of flour should be white with a yellowish tinge, the lower ones - whiter, darker and non-uniformly variegated. Flour should taste slightly sweet. When chewing flour, there should be no crunch on the teeth, no bitterness and no odors. Flour moisture - no more than 15%

      Unsalted butter
      Cow oil should be free of foreign taste, rancidity and odor. Oil with a putrid, rancid, fishy, moldy, musty, greasy taste and smell is not allowed for use.

      Melange
      Melange should be dark orange when frozen and light yellow to light orange after thawing. There should be no foreign smells and tastes.

      Salt
      Crystalline free-flowing product. The presence of foreign mechanical impurities not related to the origin and method of salt production is not allowed. The taste is salty, without any foreign aftertaste. The extra and premium grade has a white color, the first and the second - white or gray with shades depending on the origin and method of salt production. Smell: no foreign odors.

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    3. Хранение сырья

      Все сырье и полуфабрикаты, поступающие на склады предприятия, должны соответствовать требованиям действующей НД, сопровождаются документом, удостоверяющим их качество и безопасность, а так же маркировочным ярлыком на каждом тарном месте (ящике, фляге, коробке) с указанием даты изготовления, срока годности или срока хранения.

      На предприятиях должны соблюдаться требования, предъявляемые к хранению продуктов, предотвращающие их порчу.

      Поступившие в производство продукты перекладывают в чистую промаркированную в соответствии с видом продукта производственную тару или хранят в таре поставщика.

      Продукты хранят согласно принятой классификации по условиям хранения.

      Аллергеносодержащее сырье храниться отдельно.

    4. Подготовка сырья к пуску в производство

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      Flour, premium
      Wheat flour is sifted through a sieve with meshes of not more than 2.5 mm and passed through magnetic catchers. If the flour is at a low temperature, then it should be kept in a warm room so that the temperature rises to 12 ℃.

      Unsalted butter
      The butter is carefully cleaned from the surface, cut into pieces. It is allowed to use oil strippers in the manufacture of baked products. If fats are used in melted form, then they are filtered through a metal sieve with 1.5 mm cells.

      Melange
      Before being fed into production, frozen melange is pre-thawed in baths with water or special chambers at a temperature not exceeding 45 ℃ and filtered through a sieve with a mesh size of not more than 3 mm. For products in which whole milk or water is used when kneading the dough, the melange can be mixed with them in a 1: 1 ratio before straining. Thawed egg products should be used within 3-4 hours.

      Salt
      The salt is sieved through a sieve. The salt in the crystals is preliminarily dissolved and a sieve with cells of 0.5 mm is filtered.

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  5. Описание технологического процесса
    1. Описание процесса изготовления полуфабрикатов:

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      No. 021 Puff

      ** Kneading the dough. ** Pour citric acid solution into cold water, add melange, salt, add flour and stir for 15–20 minutes until a homogeneous mass is obtained. The dough is left for 30 minutes for the proteins to swell, then cut into pieces.
      The finished dough should be evenly mixed, without lumps and traces of impurities. The moisture content of the dough is 41–44%.
      ** Preparation of butter. ** Cut the butter into pieces, then mix the moisture contained in it with flour in a ratio of 10: 1 until a homogeneous mass is obtained.
      Prepared oil is divided into pieces, which are shaped into rectangular layers 20 mm thick, and placed on a board, dusty with flour, placed for 30-40 minutes in a refrigerator with a temperature of 5-10 – to cool the oil to a temperature of 12-14 ℃.
      ** Lamination of the dough on the machine. ** Pieces of dough are lightly rolled into rectangular layers 20-25 mm thick in the middle and 17-20 mm towards the edges. Prepared layers of oil are placed in the middle of the resulting layers of dough; the ends of the dough are wrapped in an envelope and pinched. The prepared dough envelope is rolled out on a dough sheeter. For this, the envelope is placed on the upper conveyor and rolled through the rollers. When rolling out the dough for the first time, the distance between the rollers is about 20mm. The dough is folded in four layers, rolled again, folded again in four layers and cooled for 30–40 minutes in a refrigerator. The dough is rolled out, folded into four layers and cooled again. After this test is rolled twice with a roll spacing of 10 and 6 mm. The finished dough has 256 layers.
      ** Dough layering by hand. ** Pieces of dough are formed in the form of a ball, a cross-shaped incision is made and rolled out with a rolling pin on a table dusted with flour to a thickness of 20–25 mm in the middle part and 17–20 mm to the edges, thus obtaining a cross-shaped layer with four oval ends. After rolling, flour is swept from the dough layer and a prepared butter layer is placed in the middle of it, the ends of the dough are wrapped in an envelope and pinched. Then the envelope is dusted with flour and, starting from the middle, rolled into a rectangular layer 10 mm thick. Sweep away excess flour from the layer and fold it in half so that both ends of the layer converge in the middle, then fold it in half again and place it for cooling in a refrigerator for 30–40 min, covering the surface with a damp cloth. The rolling, rolling into four layers and cooling of the dough are repeated three more times.
      The finished dough should have distinct layers of dough and fat, white with a cream shade, elastic, soft consistency.
      ** Shaping. ** After cooling, the puff pastry is cut into pieces of 2–5 kg and rolled out with a rolling pin into layers for cakes and sliced pastries 4.5–5 mm thick. The prepared layer is placed on a pastry sheet moistened with water. After preparation, the dough layer is allowed to stand for 15-30 minutes. A hole is cut out in the center of the upper layer for the semi-finished puff Colosseum cake and greased with an egg. The top surface for the apple puff is smeared with yolk. Before baking, the surface of the dough layers is pricked with a knife in several places.
      For the "Envelopes" piece puff, the rolled dough is cut into squares of a certain mass. Lubricate in the middle with melange, then fold all the corners of the square to the middle, pressing slightly. For the Book, the dough is cut into rectangles, half of their surface is smeared with melange and the dough is folded in the middle, placing the unlubricated half on the greased one. For "Triangles", the rolled dough is cut in the same way as for "Envelopes" into squares, one corner of the square is smeared with melange and the dough is folded diagonally, placing the unlubricated part on the greased one. For "Bows" the dough is cut into rectangles and twisted once in the middle. For tubes and couplings, the rolled dough is cut into strips 10 mm thick, 25 mm wide and 170 mm long, rolled helically onto metal tubes so that with each turn one edge of the strip is slightly on the other, and laid on the sheets with the seam down. The strip thickness after rolling is 4.5–5 mm. The surface of the tubes is lubricated with melange, and the surface of the couplings is not lubricated.
      When shaping the dough, it is necessary that the blades of the knives and the edges of the grooves are sharp.
      ** Baking. ** Baking duration 25-30 minutes at a temperature of 220-250 ℃.
      It is recommended to grease the surface of the top layer for a puff with apple filling immediately after baking with sugar syrup.

      ** Characteristics of a semi-finished product. ** Forms are rectangular, triangular, etc. Thin layers from white to light yellow are easily separated. The structure is airy.

    2. Приготовление кондитерского изделия:

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  6. Упаковка

  7. Mаркировка, транспортирование и хранение

    Маркировка готовых изделий должна соответствовать Техническим регламентам Таможенного союза ТР ТС 022/2011 «Пищевая продукция в части ее маркировки», ТР ТС 029/2012 "Требования безопасности пищевых добавок, ароматизаторов и технологических вспомогательных средств", ГОСТ Р 53598-2009 «Продукты пищевые. Рекомендации по этикетированию»

    Состав: condensed whole milk with sugar, boiled, flour, premium, unsalted butter, melange, salt, acidity regulator - citric acid.

    Состав: condensed whole milk with sugar, boiled, flour, premium, unsalted butter, melange, salt, acidity regulator - E330.

  8. Контроль производства

    На протяжении всего технологического процесса производства кондитерского изделия Dune cake (puff) [Yakhroma] проводят контроль за соблюдением технологических параметров, качества используемого сырья, материалов, готовой продукции. Готовый продукт подлежит выборочному контролю качества, с записью результатов в журнал.

  9. Требования безопасности производства

    Технологический процесс должен соответствовать требованиям техники безопасности и типовым инструкция по охране труда для работников предприятий торговли и общественного питания.

Приложение

Перечень нормативных документов

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  • ГОСТ 32261-2013 Butter. Technical conditions
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  • ГОСТ Р 51574-2018 Edible salt. General specifications
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  • ГОСТ 908-2004 Citric acid monohydrate food. Technical conditions